Amber warnings, the second highest level, have been raised by the UK Met Office in southern England.
In mid-July, the Met Office issued its first red warning for “extreme” heat, with more than 40 weather stations across Britain beating the previous record of 101.7 degrees (38.7 Celsius). A few stations even reached as high as 104 degrees (40 Celsius), which is 10 times higher than seen due to human-caused climate change.
Human-caused climate change has increased the likelihood of a heat wave in the UK by 10 times, according to a study
A large part of western and north-western Europe will be affected by the approaching heatwave, with rising temperatures and the risk of wildfires. Follows Europe it is the sixth warmest July on record.
Driving the heat is a ridge of high pressure, colloquially known as a heat dome, which will be parked directly over Britain from Tuesday night into Wednesday. As well as bringing in warm, sinking air, it will deflect any inclement weather – providing uninterrupted sunshine.
Temperatures in Britain are expected to peak from Friday to Saturday before falling next week. High temperatures will generally range from 85 to 95 degrees (29 to 35 Celsius), although some areas could approach 96 or 97 (35.5 to 36 Celsius). It is unlikely that any place will hit the century mark.
A heat wave warning of level 3 out of 4 was issued by health officials, who urged residents to “take care of others, especially the elderly, young children and infants, and those with underlying health conditions.” Officials also advised the public to limit alcohol consumption.
The Met Office predicts London will see highs in the upper 80s to near 90s (30 to 32C) from Thursday to Sunday. Rainy weather is coming to start the work week. Average early August high temperatures in London are in the low 70s (low 20s Celsius).
Met Éireann, Ireland’s equivalent to the US National Weather Service, has also issued a weather warning for the country, warning of “heat stress, particularly for the more vulnerable population”, in addition to the high UV index. It is worth noting that relatively few residents have installed air conditioners in their homes.
Eighteen departments in France are also under an orange heat warning, and Météo France temperature calls it reaches 97 to 102 degrees (36 to 39 Celsius) in southwestern parts of the country, with an isolated reading of 104 degrees (40 Celsius) not out of the question.
Paris is forecast to reach 93 on Wednesday, 92 on Thursday and 94 on Friday.
which is in Spain warmest July on recordone orange warning for heat It is in effect just south of Madrid – where maximum temperatures could approach 104 degrees – while many other areas are under a yellow warning. But the core of the heat dome should remain further north in Western Europe.
Exacerbating the heat is the severe drought that plagues many parts of Western Europe.
According to climate historian Maximiliano Herrera, some parts of England, including London, experienced a record drought. He tweeted that the city received “virtually no rain” during the month of July, recording less than a millimetre. July typically gets close to 1.8 inches (45 millimeters) of precipitation, with an average of 8 wet days during the month.
The UK average temperature in July 2022 was 16.6C, +1.3C above the 1991-2020 average. Parts of England, including London, were record dry with almost no rain (less than 1mm). Only in northern Scotland was it close to normal. Maps by UK Met Office. pic.twitter.com/gklXW8VvsW
— Extreme Temperatures Around the World (@extremetemps) August 8, 2022
Met Office He gave information from 13 districts The south and east of England had their driest July on record.
There are concerns that the warm, dry atmosphere, combined with dry antecedent conditions, could support wildfire risk. Cornwall Fire and Rescue Service wrote that the fire risk was “very high now” and that firefighters had been particularly busy over the past weekend. They urged people participating in outdoor recreation not to light campfires and bonfires.
#EFFIS Fire danger forecast for August 9
🔥🇪🇸🇵🇹🇧🇬 🇫🇷🇬🇷 & some areas of 🇹🇷 are forecast for Very Extreme Danger
🔥Extreme Danger is predicted in the regions:
More in 👇https://t.co/2PjdHyXOpI pic.twitter.com/wehXjqwACO
— Copernicus EMS (@CopernicusEMS) August 9, 2022
France is also enduring its worst drought on record, according to Météo France. rain It was the lowest indicator observed in the country in July and 85 percent below the norm.
In the third week of July, about 40,000 residents were forced to evacuate from forest fires in France, and similar fires continue in Spain and Greece.
Very dry conditions still pose a very high fire hazard, especially in southern France.
Although the core of the heat will be in southern Britain and France from Thursday to Sunday, above-average temperatures will also increase from the Netherlands through southern Scandinavia. Warmth will move back from Western Europe to Eastern Europe early next week.
It is well established that human-induced climate change is intensifying the severity, duration, and frequency of extreme heat events. In addition to the extremely rare heatwave that scorched Britain last month, an event of a similar scale caused record-breaking temperatures. Including a high of 109 degrees in Paris in late July 2019.
Jason Samenow contributed to this report.
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