named by Native American Algonquin tribe
After easier-to-catch sturgeon in the Great Lakes and other bodies of water this time of year, the sturgeon moon ends a streak of four supermoons that began in May 2022. The Old Farmer’s Almanac
. After sunset, look southeast to watch this supermoon rise. It will reach peak lighting at 9:36 PM ET on Thursday.
“There are certain times of the year when the Moon is at its closest point to Earth and these are called supermoons,” Mike Hankey, operations manager for the American Meteor Society, said via email. “It’s just the natural point of the moon’s orbit. At each extreme, the moon is either a little bigger or a little smaller (at its farthest point), but it’s not a huge difference.”
This closest distance is called perigee, and it is only 226,000 miles (363,300 kilometers) from Earth. NASA
. Therefore, a supermoon appears slightly brighter than a normal full moon. According to The Old Farmer’s Almanac, the moon’s distance from Earth varies throughout the month because its orbit is not a perfect circle.
If you snap a cool photo of the supermoon, you can share it on social media with the hashtag #NASAMoonSnap — NASA’s catchphrase for moon-inspired content leading up to the late summer launch of Artemis I, the first test. For the launch of the rocket and spacecraft that will send future astronauts to the moon NASA’s Tumblr
. Agency shared a guide to photographing a bear
and will share some user content on social media platforms during the launch broadcast.
The Sturgeon Moon will be spotlighted by the Perseid meteor shower, which peaks Thursday through Saturday.
“Bright moon phases are bad for meteor showers because they wash out dark meteors,” Hankey said. “A full or nearly full moon dominates a part of the sky, making that part undesirable for observing meteorites. A full moon also lasts all night, not completely dark, which is preferable.”
The Perseid meteor shower runs from July 14 to September 1, and this year’s elusive peak will occur on Friday at 11:00 p.m. ET (3:00 a.m. UTC Saturday). EarthSky
. In previous years, the Perseids were a much-anticipated shower in the Northern Hemisphere, where they are usually more visible. But this happens only when the moon is not in a sky-dominating phase.
This year, the Perseids, which intensify from late evening to early morning, are most visible in early August, when the moon appears smaller and fainter. In previous years, they were most often seen in almost moonless skies.
The shower fragments come from comet 109P/Swift-Tuttle, which takes 133 years to complete one orbit around the Sun. NASA
. The comet last entered the inner solar system in 1992.
Remaining cosmic events in 2022
According to information, four more full moons will occur this year The Old Farmer’s Almanac
- September 10: Harvest month
- October 9: Hunter month
- November 8: Beaver month
- December 7: Cold month
There are other Native American tribes different names
For full moons, such as the Cheyenne tribe’s “drying grass moon” in September and the Arapaho tribe’s “burning trees” for the full moon in December.
Take a peak at these meteor shower events that are expected later this year, according to EarthSky 2022 meteor shower guide
- Draconids: October 8-9
- Orionids: October 20-21
- Southern Taurides: November 5
- Northern Taurides: November 12
- Leonids: November 17-18
- Gemini: December 13-14
- Ursids: December 22-23
And in 2022 there will be another total lunar eclipse and a partial solar eclipse. The Old Farmer’s Almanac
. People living in Greenland, Iceland, Europe, Northeast Africa, the Middle East, West Asia, India and western China will be able to see the partial solar eclipse on October 25.
The November 8 total lunar eclipse will be visible from 3:01 a.m. ET to 8:58 a.m. ET in Asia, Australia, the Pacific, South America, and North America. But for people in eastern North America, the moon will set during this time.
Wear proper eclipse glasses to view solar eclipses safely, as sunlight can damage the eyes.