Legislators in Spain They approved a bill that would allow people over the age of 16 to change their legally registered gender without any medical supervision or parental supervision.
The measure, strongly backed by Spain’s leftist Podemos party, was approved by 188 to 150 in the lower house of parliament on Thursday and means anyone over the age of 16 can change their legally registered gender without consulting a doctor. , previously required.
In addition, minors between the ages of 12 and 13 will be able to change their legally registered gender with a judge’s permission, and those between the ages of 14 and 16 will need to be accompanied by a parent or legal guardian to change their gender identity card.
Until now, Hispanics who identified as transgender needed to be diagnosed by several doctors as having gender dysphoria, a psychological condition. biological sex and gender identity. In some cases, they needed proof of the sex they’d been living with for two years — even records showing they’d been taking hormones.
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The legislation was not only fiercely opposed by conservatives in the Spanish government, but also caused a rift among left-wing factions of the feminist movement in Spain. The BBC reported on this.
Equality Minister Irene Montero, a member of the Podemos party, said the law “depathologizes” people who identify as transgender.
“Trans women are women,” Montero said.
Meanwhile, some members of the coalition government within Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez’s Socialist party have opposed the move, fearing it would undermine women’s rights.
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“When gender is asserted over biological sex, it seems to me not a step forward, but a step backwards,” said former deputy prime minister Carmen Calvo. “The state must respond to transgender people, but gender is neither voluntary nor optional.”
The bill will become law after it passes the Senate, a step expected by the end of the year.
Also on Thursday Scottish Parliament passed a bill to make it easier for people to change their legal gender. The approval makes Scotland the first part of the UK to allow people to declare their gender on documents without the need for a medical certificate.
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The bill, introduced by the Scottish National Party-led government, would allow people to self-declare transition, removing the need for a medical diagnosis of gender dysphoria.
The new rules require anyone applying for a Gender Recognition Certificate to live full-time with their declared identity for three months – six months if aged 16-17 – rather than the previous two years. The bill lowered the minimum age of eligibility from 18 to 16.
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The revised law also provides for a three-month “thinking period” during which applicants can change their minds. The Scottish Government has not yet decided when it wants the new process to come into force in 2023.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.
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